Iceland Geothermal Energy – Due to the location of Iceland and the high concentration of volcanic activity, Iceland is blessed with abundance of geothermal energy, which is used for heating, production of electricity and as a method of relaxation and leisure.
During the course of the 20th century, Iceland went from being one of the poorest countries in Europe, depending on imported coals to a relativitely rich country where most stationary energy is produced from renewable resources. Today over 85% of the Icelandic houses are heated through geothermal energy and there are about five major geothermal power plants in Iceland that produce approximately over 26% of the country´s energy. Besides from geothermal energy, over 70% of Iceland´s electricity is generated from hydro power and only less 1% from fossil fuels. Iceland plans to make the country a 100% fossil-free country in the near future.
Visit the center – Iceland Geothermal Energy
Those who are interested in visiting a power station should consider the one at Hellisheiði. Visitors can see the power plant through the Iceland geothermal energy exhibition which is a state-of-the-art look into the harnessing of geothermal energy in Iceland. The center also has a coffee shop and has made sure that the part of the exhibition ´The origin of Geothermal Energy´ can be understood by those who speak English, Spanish, French, German, Chinese and Japanese. It’s about 20 min. drive to get there from Reykjavík, on Route 1 towards Hveragerdi.
How is the geothermal energy used in Iceland?
Geothermal energy has been used for various purposes in Iceland such as heating up the houses, where the steam from the hot water is used to heat up ground water which is all dissolved oxygen and other gases have been removed from. The water is then pumped into pipes which go into peoples homes and give a nice warmth in the cold winters. In Southwest Iceland, geothermal energy is used for greenhouses, where farmers grow their vegetables and fruits, so Iceland can partly become self-sufficient in those supplies. The geothermal heat is also used by many companies to dry some products like fish heads and for others to bake bread or heat up footpaths and parking lots. Geothermal energy is also used for Iceland´s many swimming pools, which have become part of the Icelandic culture now for centuries. For more information about geothermal energy please visit Orkuveita Reykjavikur.