Hekla volcano is located in South Iceland and is one of Iceland’s most active volcanoes. Hekla volcano, sometimes called “The Gateway to Hell” is a stratovolcano and has the height of 1,491 metres (4,892 ft). Hekla last erupted on February 28, 2000. We’ll be updating this site with a daily reports on the restless volcano.
A stratovolcano is a tall, conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash. Unlike shield volcanoes, stratovolcanoes are characterized by a steep profile and periodic explosive eruptions and quiet eruptions. 1
Other stratovolcanoes in Iceland are: Askja, Bárðarbunga, Eyjafjallajökull (erupted in 2010), Kverkfjöll, Snæfellsjökull, Öræfajökull, Kollóttadyngja and Snæfellsjökull. Mount Fuji in Japan is also an example of a stratovolcano.
Daily reports of Hekla Volcano 2013
17th – 23rd of June 2013
Two small earthquakes were detected in Hekla.
2nd of May 2013
No movement in Hekla since the 26th of April 2013.
26th of April 2013
A magnitude 1.1 earthquake in Hekla volcano, only this one small earthquake was detected. The movement was in the same area that released the uncertainty phase in March 2013, which was then cancelled in the beginning of April 2013.
7th of April – 25th of April 2013
There is no activity in Hekla in this period.
4th of April 2013
The Icelandic Met Office has change the state of Hekla from yellow to green, partly due to air traffic. No changes in gas or heat have been detected at the top of Hekla volcano. Furthermore, there have been no changes in the movement of the crust. Hekla will continue to be under close surveillance.
3rd of April 2013
Hekla remains quiet. The Icelandic Civil Defence still declares an uncertainty phase.
29th of March – 2nd of April 2013
No new activity. The Icelandic Civil Defence still declares an uncertainty phase.
28th of March 2013
Seismic activity has not been detected northeast of Hekla since the weekend. The Icelandic Civil Defence still declares an uncertainty phase. Currently, there are no obvious signs of an imminent eruptio. The aviation colour-code for Hekla is still ‘yellow’.
27th of March 2013
The Iceland Civil Protection Service still declares “uncertainty phase” at Hekla volcano.
- A minor panic occurs in the social media based on a misunderstanding: People start sharing an old article about a big eruption in Hekla. Luckily the article is from the last eruption or 13 years old. Make sure you are reading current information by looking at the date of all content you read.
26th of March 2013
No earthquakes were detected. 7 earthquakes have been measured the last two weeks. For other volcanoes than Hekla, this would not be an unusual state but this kind of activity has not been present in Hekla since the last eruption in 2000.
The Iceland Civil Protection Service declares “uncertainty phase” at Hekla volcano due to unusual unrest in Hekla. The aviation colour-code for Hekla is marked at ‘yellow’. 2 Travellers are adviced not to visit the mountain at this stage.
19th of March 2013
The Iceland Met Office installs a gas flow measuring device for monitoring Hekla volcano but that should give indication of possible eruptions in Hekla volcano. The gas flow measuring station has been named Café Hekla and the official surveillance starts in April. 3
10th of March 2013
The Icelandic Meteorological Office starts detecting micro-earthquakes at Hekla within a small area about 4.5 km NE of the volcano, at depths of 11-12 km. These earthquakes were high-frequency, suggestive of brittle fracturing rather than magma movement. At Hekla, such a clustering of earthquakes is unusual in between eruptions. 4
Live webcam from Hekla
Hekla volacano webcam - another webcam from ‘Míla’.